2012-05-17

GIMP 2.8 on Ubuntu 12.04

得知 GIMP 2.8 釋出的消息凍仁就立馬當先的衝了!沒想到的是部份套件與原先的版本有衝突,在安裝失敗以後導致套件庫整個鎖住(Lock),好在當初與 Rex 前輩討教的筆記還留著,經過一翻苦戰後終於搞定了,強烈建議想升級的伙伴先手動移除 GIMP 再試,真的是千金難買早知道啊

GIMP 2.8 啟動訊息

1. 安裝及升級 GIMP


1.1. 未安裝或先行移除 GIMP 後再升級


1.1.1. 新增套件來源。
[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp && sudo aptitude update [Enter]

1.1.2. 安裝 GIMP。
[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ sudo aptitude install gimp gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras [Enter]

1.2. 已安裝 GIMP 直接升級


1.2.1. 新增套件來源。
[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/gimp [Enter]

1.2.2. 更新套件來源並升級 (若升級失敗再接著看 1.2.3, 若成功請略過 1.2.3 ~ 1.2.6)。
[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade [Enter]
The following NEW packages will be installed:
    libbabl-0.1-0{a} libgegl-0.2-0{a} libopenraw1{a}
The following packages will be REMOVED:
    libbabl-0.0-0{u} libgegl-0.0-0{u}
The following packages will be upgraded:
    gimp gimp-data libgimp2.0 python-central
4 packages upgraded, 3 newly installed, 2 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 23.6 MB of archives. After unpacking 42.6 MB will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n/?]

1.2.3. 修復套件庫 (可能無法修復成功)。
[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ sudo apt-get install -f [Enter]
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Correcting dependencies... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
    gimp
Suggested packages:
    gimp-data-extras
The following packages will be upgraded:
    gimp
1 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 1 not upgraded.
Need to get 0 B/6,086 kB of archives.
After this operation, 2,121 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]?

1.2.4. 手動強制移除 gimp。
[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ cd /var/lib/dpkg/info/ [Enter]

[ jonny@precise: /var/lib/dpkg/info/ ]
$ sudo rm -rf gimp.postinst gimp.postrm gimp-gmic.list gimp-gmic.md5sums gimp-plugin-registry.list gimp-plugin-registry.md5sums [Enter]

[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ sudo aptitude purge gimp [Enter]

1.2.5. 更新套件庫。
[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
The following packages will be upgraded:
    python-central
1 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 0 B/41.4 kB of archives.
After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y

1.2.6. 安裝 GIMP。
[ jonny@precise: ~ ]
$ sudo aptitude install gimp gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras [Enter]

2. 使用中文介面


2.1. 編輯(Edit) → 偏好設定(Preferences)。

2.2. 介面(Interface) → 系統語言(Language) → 漢語[zh_TW](Chinese[zh_TW])
2.3. 重新啟動 GIMP,切換成功後啟動訊息如上圖。

3. 切換單視窗模式


3.1. 視窗(Window) → 單一視窗模式(Single-Window Mode)

3.2. 編輯(Edit) → 偏好設定(Preferences)。

3.3. 視窗管理(Window Management) → 立即儲存視窗位置(Save Window Positions Now)。

這次多了個單視窗模式(Single-Winow Mode)可以切換,就凍仁而言是還好,畢竟原本就不是美工設計路線的,不知不覺中早習慣了原先的多視窗模式,當然凍仁可能連 GIMP 的 1/10 功能都用不到呢

相關連結:
凍仁於噗浪上的討論

延伸閱讀:
使用 apt-get 裝 Virtualbox 裝到一半當機

資料來源:
GIMP 2.8 Released
GIMP 2.8: A review of the new features! - gimpusers.com